Sinigrin degradation and G. pallida suppression in soil cultivated with brassicas under controlled environmental conditions

Ngala, B.M., Woods, S.R. and Back, M.A. (2015) Sinigrin degradation and G. pallida suppression in soil cultivated with brassicas under controlled environmental conditions. Applied Soil Ecology, 95. pp. 9-14.

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Abstract

Inter-cropping mustard and oilseed radish in potato production has been shown to suppress potato cyst nematode (PCN) reproduction in field plots. This suppressive effect is mostly attributed to the release of glucosinolate (GSL) hydrolysis products such as isothiocyanates, following chopping and incorporation of the crop biomass. This study examined the degradation of sinigrin introduced into soil where Indian mustard and oilseed radish were cultivated and the effect on PCN suppression. Glucosinolate degradation was measured by introducing sinigrin into the soil samples pre-planting, pre- and post-incorporation of the brassicas, while the soil microbial activity was quantified as the concentration of fluorescein di-acetate (FDA) g−1 oven dry soil. Sinigrin was significantly (P < 0.001) degraded pre- and post-incorporation of the brassicas cultivated in unsterilized soil. The total microbial activity increased significantly (P < 0.001) pre- and post-incorporation of brassicas when compared with fallow controls. Unsterilized soils planted with oilseed radish resulted in a significant (P < 0.027) suppression of G. pallida encysted eggs (30–35% mortality). Microbial activity correlated positively with G. pallida mortality (R2 = 0.94, P < 0.001), but inversely with sinigrin degradation. This study has revealed that brassicas used for biofumigation may affect soil borne pests and pathogens not just after incorporation of the crop residues, but also during active growth of these plants.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Partial biofumigation, Microbial activity, Sinigrin degradation, Brassica juncea, Raphanus sativus, Globodera pallida
Divisions: Crop and Environment Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 16:32
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 14:40
URI: http://hau.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/15096

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