Susceptibility of cereal species to Fusarium langsethiae under identical field conditions

Opoku, N., Back, M.A. and Edwards, S.G. (2017) Susceptibility of cereal species to Fusarium langsethiae under identical field conditions. European Journal of Plant Pathology.

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Experiments were conducted to determine the extent of Fusarium langsethiae infection in wheat, barley and oats grown under identical experimental conditions. In total, four experiments were conducted with both winter and spring sown experiments at two locations. The amount of F. langsethiae infection was determined by quantifying F. langsethiae DNA and quantifying the combined concentration of the trichothecene mycotoxins HT-2 and T-2 (HT-2 + T-2) in cereal head fractions (grain and rest of the head) after threshing at harvest. Results of the study showed that under identical experimental conditions, oats had the highest F. langsethiae DNA and HT-2 + T-2 concentrations compared to wheat and barley. This indicates that the high levels detected on UK oats compared to wheat and barley from surveys of commercial crops is a consequence of genetic differences rather than differences in agronomy applied to the cereal species. The concentration of HT-2 and T-2 per unit of F. langsethiae DNA in oats compared to wheat and barley was also significantly higher indicating host differences in either the stimulation of HT-2 and T-2 production or in the metabolism of HT-2 and T-2. The study also showed that the proportion of F. langsethiae DNA in threshed grains was significantly lower than that in the rest of the cereal head.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: cereal, wheat, barley, oats, HT-2, T-2, trichothecene, mycotoxin
Divisions: Crop and Environment Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2017 14:59
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2018 14:32

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