Mechanisms leading to excess alpha-amylase activity in wheat (Triticum aestivum, L) grain in the UK

Lunn, G.D., Kettlewell, P.S., Scott, R.K. and Major, B.J. (2001) Mechanisms leading to excess alpha-amylase activity in wheat (Triticum aestivum, L) grain in the UK. Journal of Cereal Science, 33 (3). pp. 313-329.

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Abstract

The frequency and mechanisms of four modes of alpha -amylase enzyme accumulation in U.K. wheat, retained pericarp alpha -amylase activity (RPAA), pre-maturity alpha -amylase activity (PMAA), pre-maturity sprouting (PrMS) and post-maturity sprouting (PoMS), were investigated in field and laboratory experiments. Of 56 cultivar site year combinations (four model cultivars grown at up to four sites from 1994–1997), enzyme activity was detected in 32 cases, in 23 cases sufficient to reduce Hagberg falling number (the usual industry measure of alpha -amylase) below the commercial criterion (250 s). The frequency of occurrence of different modes of enzyme accumulation was in the order PoMS>PMAA>PrMS>RPAA. Both PMAA and PrMS were more common than expected and the most usual pattern was for alpha -amylase to accumulate by several modes. Although green grains are rejected as impurities, study of grain colour in relation to pericarp alpha -amylase activity showed that the enzyme could persist in non-green grains in levels sufficient to affect the Hagberg value. Two factors thought to promote PMAA, grain drying rate and transient changes in temperature in early development, were studied in the field and controlled environment cabinets. No significant difference was found in grain drying rate between samples where PMAA was or was not identified. However, out of 19 transfers from a cool (16/10 °C) to a warm (26/20 °C) temperature regime, six led to significant increases in PMAA. No transfers after 45% grain moisture increased PMAA. PrMS occurred as early as 67% grain moisture and susceptibility usually increased with stage of development, being greatest in the grain dough stage. PrMS susceptibility varied with cultivar (in the same order as PoMS sensitivity) and was affected by environmental factors.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Crop and Environment Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Darren Roberts
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2018 14:32
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2018 12:44
URI: http://hau.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/16382

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