A survey investigating the infection of Fusarium langsethiae and production of HT-2 and T-2 mycotoxins in UK oat fields.

Imathiu, S.M., Ray, R.V., Back, M.A., Hare, M.C. and Edwards, S.G. (2013) A survey investigating the infection of Fusarium langsethiae and production of HT-2 and T-2 mycotoxins in UK oat fields. Journal of Phytopathology, 161 (7-8). pp. 553-561.

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Abstract

Fusarium langsethiae is a toxigenic fungal species that has been reported in European small-grain cereal crops such as oats, wheat and barley. Although its relative contribution to fusarium head blight (FHB) symptoms is not well understood, it is reported to contaminate these cereals with high levels of HT-2 and T-2 trichothecenes mycotoxins that are currently under consideration for legislation by the European Commission. Ten commercial oat fields in Shropshire and Staffordshire (two adjacent counties in the Midlands) in the UK were surveyed in the 2006/2007 growing season. Samples were taken from predetermined field locations at Zadoks growth stages 32/33, 69, 77-85 and 90-92 for F. langsethiae biomass and HT-2 and T-2 toxins quantification. The results from this study showed that oats can be heavily infected with F. langsethiae and have high concentrations of HT-2 and T-2 toxins with no apparent FHB symptoms. The regression of HT-2 + T-2 toxins on F. langsethiae DNA concentration was highly significant (P < 0.001, r2 = 0.55). The results indicated that although F. langsethiae had no direct effect on crop yield, it may result in indirect economic losses where the grain can be rejected or downgraded as a result of intolerable levels of HT-2 and T-2 toxins, which are of human food and animal feed safety concern. The influence of cultural field practices on the infection and HT-2 and T-2 toxins accumulation in oats was not clear and warrants further studies to identify the sources of F. langsethiae inoculum and conditions favourable for infection and mycotoxin production

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Crop and Environment Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Darren Roberts
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2018 09:55
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2018 09:55
URI: http://hau.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17072

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