The effect of feeding different sources and levels of selenium on growth performance and antioxidant status of broilers raised at two different temperatures

Woods, S.L., Rose, S.P., Whiting, I.M., Ionescu, C., Blanchard, A. and Pirgozliev, V. (2020) The effect of feeding different sources and levels of selenium on growth performance and antioxidant status of broilers raised at two different temperatures. British Poultry Science.

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Abstract

1.This study examined the effects of different dietary sources and levels of selenium (Se) on growth performance, hepatic and breast meat Se content, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity and total antioxidant status (TAS) in blood, when fed to broilers from 14 to 35 d of age and reared at two different temperatures (20°C and 35 °C). 2. Five hundred and sixty male Ross 308 broilers were reared in a single floor pen and fed the same proprietary starter diet from 0 to 14 d age (229.9 g/kg CP and 12.67 MJ/kg ME, without Se supplementation). 3. The experiment started at 14 d age, and the birds randomly assigned to 112 raised-floor pens (0.36m2 area, 5 birds/pen). Each of the seven experimental diets were offered to birds in 16 pens within four rooms. Two rooms were at 20°C and two rooms were maintained at 35°C. The experimental diets were fed from 14 to 35 d age and contained 214.9 g/kg CP and 13.11 MJ/kg ME. The experimental diets were as follows; control diet containing background Se only (0.189 mg/kg; C); low level sodium selenite (0.376 mg/kg; LSS): high level sodium selenite (0.558 mg/kg; HSS); low level commercial B Traxim® Se (0.244 mg/kg) (LBT); high level B Traxim® Se (0.448 mg/kg; HBT); low level selenised yeast (0.290 mg/kg; LSY); high level selenised yeast (0.487 mg/kg; HSY). 4. Birds consumed more when raised at 20°C compared to birds reared at 35°C (P≤0.05). Birds fed lower Se level reared at 35°C had higher weight gain versus those fed higher Se level (P<0.05). Birds fed SY had the lowest feed intake, weight gain and FCE (P<0.05). The greatest GSH-Px activity was observed in birds fed SS diets (P<0.001). There were interactions between diet x level for TAS, which were highest in birds fed LBT compared to birds fed HBT (P<0.05). Breast Se content was higher in birds fed HSY compared to LSY (P<0.001). The highest hepatic Se was seen in birds fed SY and lowest in C (P<0.001). 5. Birds fed BT diets showed similar levels of Se to those birds fed inorganic Se, and similar levels of GSH-Px to birds fed SY. Further comparative work with broilers fed BT and other Se supplemented diets may elucidate the findings from this report.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Chickens, selenium, performance, antioxidant status, temperature
Divisions: Animal Production, Welfare and Veterinary Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2020 15:14
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2020 15:14
URI: http://hau.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17560

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