Proteomic characterisation and cross species comparison of mammalian seminal plasma.

Druart, X., Rickard, J., Mactier, S., Kohnke, P., Kershaw, C.M., Bathgate, R., Gibb, Z., Crossett, B., Tskis, G., Labas, V., Harchaus, G., Gurpen, C.G. and De Graaf, S.P. (2013) Proteomic characterisation and cross species comparison of mammalian seminal plasma. Journal of Proteomics, 91 (8). pp. 13-22.

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Seminal plasma contains a large protein component which has been implicated in the function, transit and survival of spermatozoa within the female reproductive tract. However, the identity of the majority of these proteins remains unknown and a direct comparison between the major domestic mammalian species has yet to be made. As such, the present study characterized and compared the seminal plasma proteomes of cattle, horse, sheep, pig, goat, camel and alpaca. GeLC–MS/MS and shotgun proteomic analysis by 2D–LC–MS/MS identified a total of 302 proteins in the seminal plasma of the chosen mammalian species. Nucleobindin 1 and RSVP14, a member of the BSP (binder of sperm protein) family, were identified in all species. Beta nerve growth factor (bNGF), previously identified as an ovulation inducing factor in alpacas and llamas, was identified in this study in alpaca and camel (induced ovulators), cattle, sheep and horse (spontaneous ovulators) seminal plasma. These findings indicate that while the mammalian species studied have common ancestry as ungulates, their seminal plasma is divergent in protein composition, which may explain variation in reproductive capacity and function. The identification of major specific proteins within seminal plasma facilitates future investigation of the role of each protein in mammalian reproduction. Biological significance This proteomic study is the first study to compare the protein composition of seminal plasma from seven mammalian species including two camelid species. Beta nerve growth factor, previously described as the ovulation inducing factor in camelids is shown to be the major protein in alpaca and camel seminal plasma and also present in small amounts in bull, ram, and horse seminal plasma.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Animal Production, Welfare and Veterinary Sciences (to 31.07.20)
Depositing User: Mr Darren Roberts
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2018 14:54
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2018 12:47

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