The computational fluid dynamic modeling of downwash flow field for a six-rotor UAV

Tan, Y., Chen, J., Norton, T., Wang, J., Liu, X., Yang, S. and Zheng, Y. (2018) The computational fluid dynamic modeling of downwash flow field for a six-rotor UAV. Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 5 (2).

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The downwash flow field of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), formed by propellers during operation, has a significant influence on the deposition, drift and distribution of droplets as well as the spray width of the UAV for plant protection. To study the general characteristics of the distribution of the downwash airflow and simulate the static wind field of multi-rotor UAVs in hovering state, a 3D full-size physical model of JF01-10 six-rotor plant protection UAV was constructed using SolidWorks. The entire flow field surrounding the UAV and the rotation flow fields around the six rotors were established in UG software. The physical model and flow fields were meshed using unstructured tetrahedral elements in ANSYS software. Finally, the downwash flow field of UAV was simulated. With an increased hovering height, the ground effect was reduced and the minimum current velocity increased initially and then decreased. In addition, the spatial proportion of the turbulence occupied decreased. Furthermore, the appropriate operational hovering height for the JF01-10 is considered to be 3 m. These results can be applied to six-rotor plant protection UAVs employed in pesticide spraying and spray width detection.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: CFD simulation, downwash flow field, numerical analysis, plant protection, six-rotor UAV
Divisions: Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Kath Osborn
Date Deposited: 31 May 2018 20:12
Last Modified: 31 May 2018 20:27

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