Yield improvement by antitranspirant application in droughted wheat is associated with reduced endogenous abscisic acid concentration

Mphande, W., Farrell, A. D., Grove, I.G., Vickers, L.H. and Kettlewell, P.S. (2020) Yield improvement by antitranspirant application in droughted wheat is associated with reduced endogenous abscisic acid concentration. Agricultural Water Management, 244 (106528).

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Abstract

Drought stress reduces seed crop yields in part by causing reproductive sterility associated with increased endogenous ABA. Application of the film antitranspirant, di-1-p-menthene, during reproductive-stage drought has been shown to ameliorate yield loss in wheat but the physiological processes involved are not understood. Using rain shelters to simulate Mediterranean-type terminal drought, we studied the possibility that application of the antitranspirant reduces both endogenous ABA concentration and the subsequent yield loss. Di-1-p-menthene was sprayed on droughted spring wheat plants (cv, Chilham) at 1.0 L/ha in two separate field experiments, at three growth stages between stem elongation and spike emergence in 2018; and at four growth stages between stem elongation and anthesis in 2019, with droughted but unsprayed plants serving as the control. Drought stress increased endogenous ABA but decreased yield. Di-1-p-menthene application reduced endogenous ABA concentration by 33% and 40%; and improved grain yield by 16% and 15% averaged across all growth stages in 2018 and 2019, respectively. The consistent effects of di-1-p-menthene in both years suggests that the mechanism of drought stress amelioration by the film antitranspirant is related to reduced endogenous ABA concentration during key growth stages.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Water deficit, Drought mitigation, Abscisic acid, Vapor Gard
Divisions: Agriculture and Environment (from 1.08.20)
Depositing User: Mrs Rachael Harper
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2020 11:35
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 11:30
URI: https://hau.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17600

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