Evaluation of protein enriched co‐products originating from wheat fermentation in diets of common carp Cyprinus carpio to examine effects on growth response, mineral retention, haematological status and intestinal integrity

Omar, S.S., Anwar, A.Y., El‐Haroun, E.R. and Davies, S.J. (2021) Evaluation of protein enriched co‐products originating from wheat fermentation in diets of common carp Cyprinus carpio to examine effects on growth response, mineral retention, haematological status and intestinal integrity. Aquaculture Nutrition.

[img] Text
Simon Davies Evaluation of protein UPLOAD.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 26 April 2022.

Download (4MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Six experimental isonitrogenous (380 g kg-1 crude protein) and isolipidic (80 g kg-1) diets were formulated for juvenile carp Cyprinus carpio. The fish meal protein component of a basal diet (control treatment) was effectively replaced by yeast protein concentrate unrefined (YPCU), yeast protein concentrate refined (YPCR), yeast protein concentrate potable alcohol (YPCPA) at 300 g kg-1 of total dietary protein originating from a novel wheat fermentation process. Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) at two levels (150 and 300 g kg-1) of dietary protein were also tested separately. After an 8-week feeding trial, carp fed YPCU30 recorded the highest (p ≤ .05) growth performance and feed efficiency. The apparent net protein utilization of phosphorus, sodium, magnesium and chromium for all diets tested showed significant differences of retention efficiencies. The control fed carp had (p < .05) significantly lower phosphorus and magnesium efficiency than the carp fed other diets. Histological examinations showed the density of microvilli in the region of fish fed YPCU30, YPCPA30, DDGS15 and DDGS30 was decreased compared with the control fed fish with no significant differences were found among the treatments (p ≥ .05). Significant differences in the number of hepatocytes were observed between fish fed YPCR30 or YPCPA30 and DDGS30. Furthermore, no significant (p ≥ .05) differences were obtained in the number of hepatocytes in the fish fed YPCU30 and DDGS15 diets with fish fed the control diet. Hepatic structure showed that the liver of the fish fed the control, YPCU and YPCR diets appeared to be healthy with no signs of pathological change. In conclusion, fermented wheat-derived yeast protein concentrate and distillers dried grains with solubles are promising ingredients in carp diets to reduce feed costs and achieve aquaculture sustainability.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: common carp, distillers dried grains, growth performance, haematology, hepatic enzyme activities, liver and intestine histology, wheat fermentation, yeast enriched co-product
Divisions: Veterinary Health and Animal Sciences (from 1.08.20)
Depositing User: Mrs Rachael Harper
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2021 13:24
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 11:29
URI: https://hau.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17688

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item