Adaptation of Fig Wasps (Agaodinae) to their host revealed by large-scale transcriptomic data

Chen, L., Segar, S.T., Chantarasuwan, B., Wong, D., Wang, R., Chen, X. and Yu, H. (2021) Adaptation of Fig Wasps (Agaodinae) to their host revealed by large-scale transcriptomic data. Insects, 12 (9).

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Abstract

Figs and fig wasps are highly species-specific and comprise a model system for studying co-evolution and co-speciation. The evolutionary relationships and molecular adaptations of fig wasps to their fig hosts are poorly understood, and this is in part due to limited sequence data. Here, we present large-scale transcriptomic datasets of 25 fig wasp species with the aim of uncovering the genetic basis for host specificity. Our phylogenetic results support the monophyly of all genera associated with dioecious figs, and two genera associated with monoecious figs, Eupristina and Platyscapa, were revealed to be close relatives. We identified gene loss and gain, potentially rapidly evolving genes, and genes under positive selection. Potentially functional changes were documented and we hypothesize as to how these may determine host specificity. Overall, our study provides new insights into the evolutionary diversification of fig wasps and contributes to our understanding of adaptation in this group

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Agaonidae, gene families, pollination ecology, specific mutualism, speciation
Divisions: Agriculture and Environment (from 1.08.20)
Depositing User: Mrs Rachael Harper
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2021 11:52
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2021 11:52
URI: https://hau.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/17751

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